Android Application that writes data to the SD Card

Aim:

        To develop a Android Application that writes data to the SD Card.

Procedure:

Creating a New project:

  • Open Android Studio and then click on File -> New -> New project.

new project

  • Then type the Application name as “ex.no.9″ and click Next. 

application-name-9

  • Then select the Minimum SDK as shown below and click Next.

minimum sdk

  • Then select the Empty Activity and click Next. 

empty activity

  • Finally click Finish.

finish

  • It will take some time to build and load the project.
  • After completion it will look as given below.

new

Designing layout for the Android Application:

  • Click on app -> res -> layout -> activity_main.xml.

activity_main

  • Now click on Text as shown below.

text

  • Then delete the code which is there and type the code as given below.

Code for Activity_main.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:layout_margin="20dp"
    android:orientation="vertical">

    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/editText"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:singleLine="true"
        android:textSize="30dp" />

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/button"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_margin="10dp"
        android:text="Write Data"
        android:textSize="30dp" />

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/button2"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_margin="10dp"
        android:text="Read data"
        android:textSize="30dp" />

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/button3"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_margin="10dp"
        android:text="Clear"
        android:textSize="30dp" />

</LinearLayout>
  • Now click on Design and your application will look as given below.

design-9

  • So now the designing part is completed.

Adding permissions in Manifest for the Android Application:

  • Click on app -> manifests -> AndroidManifest.xml

manifest

  • Now include the WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permissions in the AndroidManifest.xml file as shown below

manifest-9

Code for AndroidManifest.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    package="com.example.exno9" >

    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE"></uses-permission>

    <application
        android:allowBackup="true"
        android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
        android:label="@string/app_name"
        android:supportsRtl="true"
        android:theme="@style/AppTheme" >
        <activity android:name=".MainActivity" >
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />

                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>
    </application>
</manifest>
  • So now the Permissions are added in the Manifest.

Java Coding for the Android Application:

  • Click on app -> java -> com.example.exno9 -> MainActivity.

MainActivity

  • Then delete the code which is there and type the code as given below.

Code for MainActivity.java:

package com.example.exno9;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.EditText;
import android.widget.Toast;

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity
{
    EditText e1;
    Button write,read,clear;
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState)
    {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        e1= (EditText) findViewById(R.id.editText);
        write= (Button) findViewById(R.id.button);
        read= (Button) findViewById(R.id.button2);
        clear= (Button) findViewById(R.id.button3);

        write.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener()
        {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v)
            {
                String message=e1.getText().toString();
                try
                {
                    File f=new File("/sdcard/myfile.txt");
                    f.createNewFile();
                    FileOutputStream fout=new FileOutputStream(f);
                    fout.write(message.getBytes());
                    fout.close();
                    Toast.makeText(getBaseContext(),"Data Written in SDCARD",Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                }
                catch (Exception e)
                {
                    Toast.makeText(getBaseContext(),e.getMessage(),Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                }
            }
        });

        read.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener()
        {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v)
            {
                String message;
                String buf = "";
                try
                {
                    File f = new File("/sdcard/myfile.txt");
                    FileInputStream fin = new FileInputStream(f);
                    BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(fin));
                    while ((message = br.readLine()) != null)
                    {
                        buf += message;
                    }
                    e1.setText(buf);
                    br.close();
                    fin.close();
                    Toast.makeText(getBaseContext(),"Data Recived from SDCARD",Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                }
                catch (Exception e)
                {
                    Toast.makeText(getBaseContext(), e.getMessage(), Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                }
            }
        });

        clear.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener()
        {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v)
            {
                e1.setText("");
            }
        });
    }
}
  • So now the Coding part is also completed.
  • Now run the application to see the output.

Output:

android sd card Screenshot_2016-03-16-00-32-10 android application

Screenshot_2016-03-16-00-35-58 Screenshot_2016-03-16-00-40-14

Result:

              Thus Android Application that writes data to the SD Card is developed and executed successfully.

 

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